The population and people of the USA are often referred to as a "melting pot." This means that the United States is comprised of a diverse mix of peoples who live side by side, sharing their cultures. Cultural diversity is not a new phenomenon in the US: from aboriginal peoples (often still called American Indians) to recent immigrants, the land now called the United States has long been a meeting ground for people of different tribes, nationalities and ways of life.
Today, there are thirty-one different ancestry groups that have over a million members in the US. Some of these ethnic/cultural groups in the US include Scottish, Irish, English, French, German, Italian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Cuban, Mexican, Filipino, Greek, Vietnamese, Hispanic, Lebanese, Indian, Romanian, Hungarian, Czech, Danish, French Canadian, African (from various countries), and many more. According to the Census Bureau, in 2005 the nation's minority population totaled 98 million, or approximately one third of the country's total population (circa 306, 708, 081). This minority population includes both immigrants and the US-born descendants of past immigrants. Immigration to the US continues to grow each year, and so the population continues to become more and more diverse.
English is the de facto national language of the US, and in 2005, 81% of the population (about 216 million) spoke exclusively English at home. Spanish is the country's second most common language with 12% of the population speaking it at home, and it is the unofficial second language of states such as New Mexico and California. Spanish is also the most widely taught foreign language in American schools. Other states with large minority language populations are Louisiana, with unofficial state languages of both English and French, and Hawaii, where state law declares both Hawaiian and English as its official languages.
The vast majority of Americans (79%) live in urban areas, mostly in medium to large-sized cities. The US has four "global cities" that each have populations of over 5 million (New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston).
Leading Population Centres (2006)
Population (Metro Area)
New York City
Languages in the US by number of speakers(2000 census)
Computer Systems Institute - Massachusetts CSI's ESL Academy Computer Systems Institute (CSI) provides its students with high-quality English and Business English education. CSI has multiple English language programs ...
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